Hypnosis Scientific Studies

Here are just a few examples of studies which investigate (and often confirm) the usefulness and efficacy of hypnosis. (This page under construction):


Childbirth & Pregnancy (More to come)

Cyna, A. M., McAuliffe, G. L.,  & Andrew, M. I. (2004). Hypnosis for pain relief in labour and childbirth: a systematic review. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 93(4): 505-511. doi: 10.1093/bja/aeh225

Corey Brown, D., & Corydon Hammond, D. (2007). Evidence-based clinical hypnosis for obstetrics, labor and delivery, and preterm labor. Intl. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55(3), 355-371.

Eng, Y. H., & Cyna, A. M. (2006). A comparison of midwives’ knowledge of, and attitudes to, hypnosis in hospitals with and without a hypnotherapy service. Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 34(1), 17.

James, U. (2009). Practical uses of clinical hypnosis in enhancing fertility, healthy pregnancy and childbirth. Complementary therapies in clinical practice, 15(4), 239-241.

Ketterhagen, D., VandeVusse, L., & Berner, M.A. (2002) Self-Hypnosis: Alternative Anesthesia for ChildbirthAmerican Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 27(6), 335-340.

Landolt, A. S., & Milling, L. S. (2011). The efficacy of hypnosis as an intervention for labor and delivery pain: A comprehensive methodological review. Clinical Psychology Review, 31(6), 1022-1031. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2011.06.002

Legrand, F., Grévin-Laroche, C., Josse, E., Polidori, G., Quinart, H., & Taïar, R. (2017). Effects of hypnosis during pregnancy: A psychophysiological study on maternal stress. Medical Hypotheses, 102, 123-127.

Madden, K., Middleton, P., Cyna, A. M., Matthewson, M., & Jones, L. (2012). Hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth. The Cochrane Library.

Smith, C. A., Collins, C. T., Cyna, A. M., & Crowther, C. A. (2006). Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour. The Cochrane Library.

VandeVusse, L., Irland, J., Berner, M. A., Fuller, S., & Adams, D. (2007). Hypnosis for childbirth: A retrospective comparative analysis of outcomes in one obstetrician’s practice. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 50(2), 109-119.


Dentistry (More to Come)

Arthur, M. K. (2016). Hypnosis-A Probable Green Dentistry Application in Paediatric Dental Practice. EC Dental Science, 6, 1338-1339.


“Hot Flashes”

Elkins, G., Marcus, J., Stearns, V., & Hasan Rajab, M. (2007). Pilot evaluation of hypnosis for the treatment of hot flashes in breast cancer survivors. Psycho‐Oncology, 16(5), 487-492.

Elkins, G., Marcus, J., Stearns, V., Perfect, M., Rajab, M. H., Ruud, C., … & Keith, T. (2008). Randomized trial of a hypnosis intervention for treatment of hot flashes among breast cancer survivors. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 26(31), 5022-5026.

Elkins, G. R., Fisher, W. I., Johnson, A. K., Carpenter, J. S., & Keith, T. Z. (2013). Clinical Hypnosis in the Treatment of Post-Menopausal Hot Flashes: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Menopause (New York, NY), 20(3).


Irritable Bowel Syndrome (To come)


Pain Management (More to come)

Hosseinzadegan, F., Radfar, M., Shafiee-Kandjani, A. R., & Sheikh, N. (2017). Efficacy of Self-Hypnosis in Pain Management in Female Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 65(1), 86-97.

Jensen, M. P., & Patterson, D. R. (2014). Hypnotic approaches for chronic pain management: clinical implications of recent research findings. American Psychologist, 69(2), 167.

Manworren, R., Girard, E., Verissimo, A., Ruscher, K., Riccardino, S., Weiss, R., & Hight, D. (2014). (569) Effectiveness of hypnosis for post-operative pain management of minimally invasive thorascopic approach to repair pectus excavatum: retrospective analysis. The Journal of Pain, 15(4), S118. [Note: link is to four abstracts, including this study.]

Saltis, J., Tan, S. G., & Cyna, A. M. (2017). Hypnosis for Pain Relief. In Pain Medicine (pp. 571-574). Springer International Publishing.


Palliative Care (More to come)

Brugnoli, M. P. (2016). Clinical hypnosis for palliative care in severe chronic diseases: a review and the procedures for relieving physical, psychological and spiritual symptoms. Annals of Palliative Medicine, 5(4).

Desai, G., Chaturvedi, S. K., & Ramachandra, S. (2011). Hypnotherapy: Fact or Fiction: A Review in Palliative Care and Opinions of Health Professionals. Indian Journal of Palliative Care, 17(2), 146–149. http://doi.org/10.4103/0973-1075.84537

Elkins, G., Fisher, W., & Silwinski, J. (2012). Clinical Hypnosis for the Palliative Care of Cancer Patients, Cancernetwork.com.

Finlay, I. G., & Jones, O. L. (1996). Hypnotherapy in palliative care. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 89(9), 493–496.


Sexual Concerns (More to come)

Al-Sughayir, M. A., & Psych, K. S. U. F. (2005). Vaginismus treatment. Hypnotherapy versus behavior therapy. Neurosciences (Riyadh), 10, 163-7.

Aung, H. H., Dey, L., Rand, V., & Yuan, C. S. (2004). Alternative therapies for male and female sexual dysfunction. The American journal of Chinese medicine, 32(02), 161-173.

Aydin, S., Ercan, M., Çaşkurlu, T., Taşçi, A. I., Karaman, Í., Odabaş, Ö., … & Sevin, G. (1997). Acupuncture and hypnotic suggestions in the treatment of non-organic male sexual dysfunction. Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology, 31(3), 271-274.

Fuchs, K., Abramovici, H., Hoch, Z., Timor‐Tritsch, I., & Kleinhaus, M. (1975). Vaginismus—the hypno‐therapeutic approach. Journal of Sex Research, 11(1), 39-45.

Melnik, T., Hawton, K., & McGuire, H. (2012). Interventions for vaginismus. The Cochrane Library.


Smoking Cessation (More to come)

Hasan, F. M., Zagarins, S. E., Pischke, K. M., Saiyed, S., Bettencourt, A. M., Beal, L., … & McCleary, N. (2014). Hypnotherapy is more effective than nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation: Results of a randomized controlled trial. Complementary therapies in medicine, 22(1), 1-8.


Stress, Relaxation, and Relief for PTSD (More to come)

Häuser, W., Hagl, M., Schmierer, A., & Hansen, E. (2016). The Efficacy, Safety and Applications of Medical Hypnosis: A Systematic Review of Meta-analyses. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, 113(17), 289.

Rotaru, T. Ș., & Rusu, A. (2016). A meta-analysis for the efficacy of hypnotherapy in alleviating PTSD symptoms. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 64(1), 116-136.

Slater, P. M. (2015). Post-traumatic stress disorder managed successfully with hypnosis and the rewind technique: two cases in obstetric patients. International journal of obstetric anesthesia, 24(3), 272-275.


Weight Management & Eating Disorders (More to come)

Bo, S., Rahimi, F., Properzi, B., Regaldo, G., Goitre, I., Ponzo, V., … & Daga, G. A. (2017). Effects of self-conditioning techniques in promoting weight loss in patients with severe obesity: a randomized controlled trial protocol. International Journal of Clinical Trials, 4(1), 20-27. [Note: this is description of a protocol. Study not completed yet.]

Entwistle, P. A. (2016). The use of hypnosis as an auto-ethnographic modality in the exploration and management of overweight and obesity: selected case studies (Doctoral dissertation, Liverpool John Moores University).

Entwistle, P. A., Webb, R. J., Abayomi, J. C., Johnson, B., Sparkes, A. C., & Davies, I. G. (2014). Unconscious agendas in the etiology of refractory obesity and the role of hypnosis in their identification and resolution: a new paradigm for weight-management programs or a paradigm revisited?. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 62(3), 330-359.

Reid, D. B. (2016). A Case Study of Hypnosis for Phagophobia: It’s No Choking Matter. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 58(4), 357-367.

Roy, P. K. (2014). Efficacy of combined cognitive-behavior therapy and hypnotherapy in anorexia nervosa: a case study. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 62(2), 224-230.

Check back frequently for more studies!